Asphalt pavement refers to any paved road surfaced with asphalt.
Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) is a combination of approximately 95% stone, sand, or gravel bound together by liquid asphalt, a product of crude oil.
Tar & Chip is a pavement surface treatment that combines one or more layer(s) of asphalt with one or more layer(s) of fine aggregate. Tar & Chip surfaces are typically used on rural roads carrying lower traffic volumes, and the process is often referred to as "asphaltic surface treatment".
Road surface markings are used on paved roadways to provide guidance and information to drivers and pedestrians. Uniformity of the markings is an important factor in minimizing confusion and uncertainty about their meaning, and efforts exist to standardize such markings across borders.
Sealcoat or pavement sealer is a protective coating for asphalt-based pavements. Sealcoat is much like paint used to protect wood from the environment. Since asphalt pavements are porous, a sealcoat or pavement sealer is utilized in order to shed water and other chemicals from the deterioration of the asphalt pavement.